Just as there is no magic equation to predict addiction, there is also no perfect formula for successful recovery. Yet, there is room for hope. Change is always possible and finding a better life is always an option. There are various paths to follow in the process of treatment and recovery and there are many support outlets available for the addicts who decide to seek help for themselves and their loved ones.
Common Objectives of Recovery
- Mental and physical health
- Healthy living in a supportive environment
- Coping skills
- Ability to develop and enhance relationships
- Sense of purpose
- Community involvement
What Do Rehab and Treatment Involve?
- Requirement: Addict consents to treatment
- Intake Assessment
- Potential Detoxification
- Acknowledgement that addict needs help
- Understand abstinence commitment
- Education on addiction and compulsive behaviors
- Group support
- Individual Therapy
- Mental Health Dual Diagnosis Evaluation
- Medical Assessment
- Family Program
- Post Rehab Options
What is the Purpose of Rehab and Treatment?
Acceptance of addiction and removal of denial: A key objective of rehabilitation programs is to help the addict identify their addiction and recognize the need for help and support.
Education of addiction: The addict and their loved ones learn the biological, physiological, and psychological process of addiction.
Provide support in recovery: Reduce isolation of the addict and address feelings of shame
Learn coping skills
Establish a post treatment plan for abstinence
Inpatient Treatment - Stand alone Rehab centers
- Necessary if drug/substance detox is required
- If addict is a harm to self or others
- Provides removal of current life environmental stressors
- Provides internal/consistent support
- Drug/substance use is monitored
- 30-60 day programs are standard
Qualifications: Addict demonstrates willingness to attend treatment sessions and abstain from all behavior and substances contributing to addiction or abuse.
Long-Term Residential Programs
These programs are commonly utilized in patient treatment. This setting typically provides more support, therapy, group counseling, and accountability. Drug or substance testing is often required.
12 Step Recovery Programs
These models do not typically provide other psychiatric or medical diagnosis, support, or treatment.
Medical Model Recovery Programs, Codependent or Co-Addiction, Psychiatric Programs
Most inpatient treatment options will have medical support to address additional mental health or physical complications.
Hospital Based Inpatient Detox and Rehab
Learn more about treatment options
- Addicts who need close medical attention during detox may begin their rehab in a hospital setting for closer monitoring.
- Addicts who are a danger to themselves may be admitted to a hospital, but cannot be committed to a treatment program.
- More acute symptoms may need to be addressed through transitional medications.
Factors That Typically Increase Recovery Success
- Treatment of dual diagnoses
- Possible psychotropic medications
- Support network
- Therapy for psychological issues
- Control changes in environment
- Lifestyle plan
- New coping skills
- Family support
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Treatment, and Recovery
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) provides a working definition of Recovery.
Recovery is a process of change whereby individuals work to improve their own health and wellness and to live a meaningful life in a community of their choice while striving to achieve their full potential.
Occurs via many pathways
- Is holistic
- Is supported by peers
- Is supported through relationships
- Is culturally-based and influenced
- Is supported by addressing trauma
- Involves individual, family, and community strengths and responsibility
- Is based on respect
- Emerges from hope
Expanding on this definition, SAMHSA articulated twelve "Guiding Principles of Recovery"
- There are many pathways to recovery.
- Recovery is self-directed and empowering.
- Recovery involves a personal recognition of the need for change and transformation.
- Recovery is holistic.
- Recovery has cultural dimensions.
- Recovery exists on a continuum of improved health and wellness.
- Recovery is supported by peers and allies.
- Recovery emerges from hope and gratitude.
- Recovery involves a process of healing and self-redefinition.
- Recovery involves addressing discrimination and transcending shame and stigma.
- Recovery involves (re)joining and (re)building a life in the community.
- Recovery is a reality. It can, will, and does happen.
Addiction Treatment Models
The 12 step Module
- Admitting that you are powerless to control your addiction or compulsion
- Recognizing a higher power “as you understand it”
- Giving up control to your higher power
- Take inventory of your own weaknesses and mistakes
- Making amends for past mistakes and wrongs
- Learning from an identified sponsor
- Attending support meetings
- Learning how to live a new life, free from old unhealthy habits and ways of behaving
- Helping others in recovery
SMART Recovery (Self Management And Recovery Training)
This non-step based program endorses abstinence from alcohol or drugs through self-empowerment and self-directed change.
Based on principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
Teaches specific coping tools and skills:
- Enhancing and maintaining motivation to abstain
- Coping with urges
- Practicing healthy problem solving techniques (managing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors)
- Physical methods to calm and strengthen the body
- Promotes lifestyle balance
- Leverages cognitive strategies (positive thinking)
Secular Organizations for Sobriety (SOS)
This program is a science-based, self-empowerment approach to abstinence and recovery from addiction.
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- Provides a network of independent meetings
- Support from others suffering from addiction
- Promotes abstinence from substance
- More science based than spiritually based
- Encourages self-empowerment
- Model endorses that sobriety is a separate issue from religion or spirituality
- Focus on the individual rather than a higher power